Degenerative illnesses are often called autoimmune disorders due to an overactive or inflammatory immune response, sometimes combined with underactive response to infection, as seen in Lupus. The immune system can be immunomodulated, or increased if too low and decreased if too high. Transfer factor is unique in that it not only is an immunomodulator, it increases the numbers of natural killer (NK) cells that don't need training, it also educates naive immune cells about a present or potential danger in your body and gives them a plan for action. This speeds up the recognition phase of a health threat and improves the immune system's ability to mount a counter-attack, thus making the duration of an illness shorter or avoiding the illness entirely
The benefits of transfer factor were discovered about 50 years ago; since then more than 3500 medical peer-reviewed journal articles have been published on the subject.
Transfer factors are small molecules that transfer the ability to recognize a pathogen (i.e. bacteria or virus) to cells that have never been in contact with the pathogen. A mother mammal passes tiny amounts of transfer factors, and the recognition of infectious organisms, to the infant in the colostrum, thus helping the baby survive until it grows a more mature immune system.
According to doctors who use it, concentrated transfer factor provides support that goes beyond any vitamin, mineral or herb known today. A large part of their enthusiasm results from the fact that transfer factors seriously increase NK (natural killer) cells, the main cellular defense against cancer cells and the first response against infection, prior to the trained response that is slower to occur. This fact makes transfer factors particularly valuable against the new plagues that develop.
And, it not only increases the numbers of natural killer (NK) cells that don't need training, it also educates naive immune cells about a present or potential danger in your body and gives them a plan for action. This speeds up the recognition phase of a health threat and improves the immune system's ability to mount a counter-attack, thus making the duration of an illness shorter or avoiding the illness entirely. Transfer factor also boosts a slack immune response or balances it if required by suppressing an overactive immune system, a process called immunomodulation.
Under certain circumstances your doctor won't allow you to increase your immune response, but most of the time this is to be encouraged. Everyone can benefit by a training program for their immune system, and those who get a lot of infections, very young or elderly people or pets, and those whose immune system has been driven low by disease, trauma or drugs are going to be particularly interested.
Transfer factor is effective in a wide variety of infectious diseases including chronic sinusitis, chronic infection, otitis media, cancer, asthma, allergic conditions, autoimmune disease, vaccination-induced illness, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Transfer Factor has been tested on many serious infections such as Herpes, Ostomyelitis, viral Hepatitis, HIV, Candida and even Lyme disease, a particularly difficult one to get rid of, with very good results. In their article, The Immunomodulating Activity Of A Transfer-Factor Preparation Transflavin, Specific To Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus, Russian researchers describe their results using transfer factor that had antigens to this kind of Lyme. Following this reasoning, transfer factor from cows and chickens that have been exposed to West Nile Fever, Dengue fever or any of the strains of avian flu or swine flu would probably also be an asset.
When you add transfer factor to your regime bear in mind that it does not reduce the need for the master antioxidant your immune cells use, glutathione, so do take the cold-processed whey. You'll also need good nutrition to build robust cells and keep your immune response accurate, strong, and at the ready.
Transfer Factor References:
Ablashi DV, Levine PH, De Vinci C, Whitman JE Jr, Pizza G, Viza D. Use of anti HHV-6 transfer factor for the treatment of 2 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). 2 case reports. Biotherapy 1996; 9(1-3): 81-6. Abstract: Specific Human Herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) transfer factor (TF) preparation, administered to two chronic fatigue syndrome patients, inhibited the HHV-6 infection. Prior to treatment, both patients exhibited an activated HHV-6 infection. TF treatment significantly improved the clinical manifestations of CFS in one patient who resumed normal duties within weeks, whereas no clinical improvement was observed in the second patient. It is concluded that HHV-6 specific TF may be of significant value in controlling HHV-6 infection and related illnesses.
De Vinci C, Levine PH, Pizza G, Fudenberg HH, Orens P, Pearson G, Viza D. Lessons from a pilot study of transfer factor in CFS. Biotherapy 1996; 9(1-3): 87-90.
Abstract: Transfer Factor (TF) was used in a placebo controlled pilot study of 20 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Efficacy of the treatment was evaluated by clinical monitoring and testing for antibodies to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6). Of the 20 patients in the placebo-controlled trial, improvement was observed in 12 patients, generally within 3-6 weeks of beginning treatment. Herpes virus serology seldom correlated with clinical response. This study provided experience with oral TF, useful in designing a larger placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Fudenberg NH. Treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome.[Letter] American Journal of Medicine 1994; 97: 493.
Hana I, Vrubel J, Pekarek J, Cech K. The influence of age on transfer factor treatment of cellular immunodeficiency, chronic fatigue syndrome and/or chronic viral infections. Biotherapy 1996; 9(1-3): 91-5.
Abstract: A group of 222 patients suffering from cellular immunodeficiency (CID), frequently combined with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and/or chronic viral infections by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and/or cytomegalovirus (CMV), were immunologically investigated and treated with transfer factor (TF). The age range was 17-77 years. In order to elucidate the influence of aging on the course of the disease and on treatment, 3 subgroups were formed: 17-43 years, 44-53 years, and 54-77 years. Six injections of Immodin (commercial preparation of TF by SEVAC, Prague) were given in the course of 8 weeks. When active viral infection was present, IgG injections and vitamins were added. Immunological investigation was performed before the start of therapy, and subsequently according to need, but not later than after 3 months. The percentages of failures to improve clinical status of patients were in the individual subgroups, respectively: 10.6%, 11.5% and 28.9%. The influence of increasing age on the percentage of failures to normalize low numbers of T cells was very evident: 10.6%, 21.2% and 59.6%. In individuals uneffected by therapy, persistent absolute lymphocyte numbers below 1,200 cells were found in 23.1%, 54.5% and 89.3% in the oldest group. Statistical analysis by Pearson's Chi-square test, and the test for linear trend proved that the differences among the individual age groups were significant. Neither sex, nor other factors seemed to influence the results. The results of this pilot study show that age substantially influences the failure rate of CID treatment using TF. In older people, it is easier to improve the clinical condition than CID: this may be related to the diminished number of lymphocytes, however, a placebo effect cannot be totally excluded.
Lawrence HS. The transfer in humans of delayed skin sensitivity to streptoccal H substance to tuberculin with disrupted leucocytes. Journal of Clinical Investigation 1955; 34: 29.
Levin AS, Spitler LE, Stites DP & Fudenberg HH. A genetically determined cellular immunologic deficiency: Clinical and laboratory responses to therapy with transfer factor. Proceedings of the. National Academy of Science 1970; 67: 821.
Levine PH. The use of transfer factors in cfs: prospects & problems. Biotherapy 1996; 9(1-3): 77-79.
Abstract: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by severe prolonged unexplained fatigue and a variety of associated symptoms such as arthralgias, myalgias, cognitive dysfunction, and severe sleep disturbances. Many patients initially present with an acute onset of apparent infectious origin with either an upper respiratory or gastrointestinal illness, fever, chills, tender lymphadenopathy, and malaise suggestive of a flu-like illness. In some cases, specific viral infections can be identified at the outset, particularly herpes viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6), and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Transfer factors (TF) with specific activity against these herpes viruses has been documented. With some studies suggesting that persistent viral activity may play a role in perpetuation of CFS symptoms, there appears to be a rationale for the use of TF in patients with CFS and recent reports have suggested that transfer factor may play a beneficial role in this disorder. This report focuses on the heterogeneity of CFS, the necessity for randomized coded studies, the importance of patient selection and sub-classification in clinical trials, and the need to utilize specific end-points for determining efficacy of treatment.
Spitler LE, Levin AS, Huber H & Fudenberg HH. Prediction of results of transfer factor therapy in the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome by monocyte IgG receptors. Proc. Sixth Leukocyte Culture Conference, Academic Press, Inc, New York and London 1972; 795.
Spitler LE, Levin AS, Stites DP, Fudenberg HH, Pirofsky CS, August ER, Stiehm ER, Hitzig H, Gatti RA. The Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Results of Transfer Factor Therapy. Journal of Clinical Investigation 1972; 51: 3216.
Oral administration of bovine colostrum stimulates intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes to polarize Th1-type in mice.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2005 Mar
Division of Host Defense, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University
T cells in i-IEL were polarized to Th1 type after oral administration of bovine colostrum. Intestinal microflora and IgA levels in feces were not changed by oral administration of bovine colostrum. These results suggest that colostrum stimulates directly to i-IEL to polarize Th1 type, which may protect from infectious diseases and allergic diseases mediated by Th2 type responses.
Lawrence HS. The cellular transfer of cutaneous hypersensitivity to tuberculin in man. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1949;71:516.
Dwyer JM. The use of antigen-specific transfer factor in the management of infections with herpes viruses. In: Kirkpatrick CH, Burger DR and Lawrence HS eds. Immunobiology of transfer factor. New York Academic Press 1983:233-243.
Viza D, Vich JM, Phillips J et al. Orally administered specific transfer factor for the treatment of herpesvirus infections. Lymphok Res 1985;4:27-30.
Jones JF, Jeter WS, Fulginiti VA et al. Treatment of childhood combined Epstein-Barr virus/cytomegalovirus infection with oral bovine transfer factor. Lancet 1981;2:122-124.
Ablashi DV, Levine PH, DeVinci C et al. Use of anti HHV-6 transfer factor for the treatment of two patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Two case reports. Biotherapy 1996;9:81-86.
Steele RW, Myers MG and Monroe VM. Transfer factor for the prevention of varicella-zoster infection in childhood. N Engl J Med 1980;303:355-359.
Lang I, Nekam H, Gergely P et al. Effect of in vivo and in vitro treatment with dialyzable leukocyte extracts on human natural killer cell activity. Clin Immunol and Immunopathol 1982;25:139-144.
Boucheix C, Phillips J, Pizza G et al. Activity of animal transfer factor in man. Lancet 1977;1:198-199.
Fudenberg H and Pizza G. Transfer factor 1993: New frontiers. Progress in Drug Res 1994;42:309-400.
Arala-Chaves M, Ramos MTF and Rosado RMF. Evidence for prompt and intense constitution of cell-mediated immunity by means of transfer factor in a case of complex immune deficiency. Cell. Immunol. 1974;12:160.
Ballow M and Good RA. Report of a patient with T-cell deficiency and normal B-cell function: a new immunodeficiency disease with response to transfer factor. Cell. Immunol. 1975;19:219.
Jones JF, Pizza G, DeVinci C. Infectious mononucleosis: immunotherapy with EBV-specific transfer factor. J Exp Pathol 1987;3:399-406.
Khan A, Hansen B, Hill NO et al. Transfer factor in the treatment of herpes simplex types 1 and 2. Dermatologica 1981;163:177-185.
Winkelman RK, DeRemee RA, Ritts RE Jr. Treatment of varicella-zoster pneumonia with transfer factor. Cutis 1984;34:278-281.
Rozzo SJ and Kirkpatrick CH. Purification of transfer factors. Mol Immunol 1992;29:167-182.
Pizza G, Viza D, Roda A et al. Transfer factor for the treatment of chronic active hepatitis. N Engl J Med 1979;300:1332.
Nkrumah F, Pizza G, Viza D et al. Regression of progressive lymphadenopathy in a young child with acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection following the administration with specific anti-CMV activity. Lymphok Res 1985;4:237-241.
Neequaye J, Viza D, Levine PH et al. Specific transfer factor with activity against Epstein-Barr virus reduces late relapse in endemic Burkitt’s lymphoma. Anticancer Res 1990;10:1183-1187.
Viza D, Vich JM, Phillips J et al. Specific transfer factor protects mice against lethal challenge with herpes simplex virus. Cell Immun 1986;100:555-562.
Wilson GB, Poindexter C, Fort JD et al. De novo initiation of specific cell-mediated immune responsiveness in chickens by transfer factor (specific immunity inducer) obtained from bovine colostrum and milk. ACTA Virol 1988;32:6-18.
Kirkpatrick CH, Hamad AR, and Morton LC. Murine transfer factors: dose-response relationships and routes of administration. Cell Immunol 1995:164:203-206.
Viza D, Lefesvre A, Patrasco M et al. A preliminary report on three AIDS patients treated with anti-HIV specific transfer factor. J Exp Path 1987;3:653-659.
Alvarez-Thull L, Kirkpatrick C.H. Profiles of cytokine production in recipients of transfer factors. Biotherapy 1996. 9(1-3): 55-9.
Bengmark S. Immunonutrition: role of biosurfactants, fiber, and probiotic bacteria. Nutrition 1998. 14:585-94.
Cech K, Kofranek V, Barnet K, Pekarek J. The radioprotective effects of DLE-TF on BM mice. Recent Advances in Transfer Factor and Dialyzed Leucocyte Extracts. Ed. Fujisawa T, Saskawa S, Iikura Y, Komatsu F, Yamaguchi Y. Tokyo, Japan: Maruzen Co Ltd., 1992. 306-313.
Cech K, Kafranek V, Marnet K, Pekarek J. Radioprotective effects of DLE. Research and Application of Transfer Factor and DLE. Ed. Huo B-L, Wang R-Z, Zou Z-F. Bejing, China: Xueyuan Press, 1989 306-313.
Cech K, Sibl O, Pekarek J, Svejcar J. The adjuvant therapy of the nasopharyngeal tumor with Transfer Factor. Research and Application of Transfer Factor and DLE. Ed. Bao-lai H, Ru-zhang W, Zhao-fen Z, Bejing, China: Xueyuan Press 1989 403-10.
Cech K, Krystukova O, Pekarek J, DLE in immunosuppreseed patients. Recent advances in Transfer Factor and Dialyzable Leucocyte Extracts. Ed. Fujisawa T, Saskawa S, Iikkura Y, Komatsu F, Yamaguchi Y. Tokyo, Japan: Maruzen Co. Ltd., 1992. 315-322.
Famularo G. Infections, atherosclerosis, and coronary heart disease. Annals of the Italian Medical Institute 2000. 15(2): 144-55.
Fudenberg HH, Pizza G, De Vinci C. Transfer Factor in Malignancy. Progress in Drug Research 1994. 42: 401-421. Fujisawa T, Yamaguchi Y. Postoperative Immunostimilation after complete resection improves survival of patients with stage I non-small cell lung carcinoma. Cancer 1996. 78: 1892-8.
Fujisawa T, et al. Randomized controlled trial of transfer factor immunochemotherapy as an adjunct to surgical treatment for primary adenocarcinoma of the lung. Japanese Journal of Surgery 1984. 14(6): 452-8.
Kirkpatrick C.H. Therapeutic potential of transfer factor. New England Journal of Medicine 1980. 303(7): 390-1.
Kirkpatrick C.H. Transfer factors: identification of conserved sequences sequences in transfer factor molecules. Molecular Medicine 2000. 6(4): 332-41. Pekarek J, et al. The clinical uses of specific transfer factors in Recent advances in transfer factors and dialyzable leukocyte extracts 1992. 256-63.
Pilotti, V, Mastrorilli M, Pizza G, De Vinci C, Busutti L, Palareti A, Gozzetti G, Cavallari A. Biotherapy 1996. 9:1-3;117-21.
Pizza G. et al. Effect of in vitro produced transfer factor on the immune response of cancer patients. European Journal of Cancer 1977. 13: 917-923.
Viza D. et al. Orally administered specific transfer factor for the treatment of herpes infections. Lympho Res 1985. 4: 27-30.
Viza D. et al. Specific transfer factor protects mice against lethal challenge with herpes simplex virus. Cellular Immunity 1986. 100:555-62.
Whyte RI, Schork MA, Sloan H, Orringer MB, Kirsh MM. Adjuvant treatment using transfer factor for bronchogenic carcinoma: Long term follow-up. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 53:391-6.
Wilson G.B. et al. Treatment of mycobacterium-fortuitum pulmonary infection with transfer factor: New methodology for evaluating transfer factor potency and predicting clinical response. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 1982. 23: 478.